what i realized as i was writing this book was pretty much everything you know about that period and everything you've been taught about that period is flat wrong, is completely wrong. and so i realized that part of this book is to, is to tell people that, that everything you thought you understood about this time is completely wrong. so if you think of washington in 1835, 25 years before the civil war, you know, what would you think? you would think, well, you know, slavery was well entrenched, you know, the black people were miserable, the whites were kind of cruel and indifferent. and that's, actually, not true at all. in washington, in washington, washington had about 30,000 people then as a city, 12,000 of them were black. the majority of the black people in washington, actually, in 1830 were free, were not slaves. out of the 12,000 black people, slightly more than half were free.